A hemorrhagic stroke has often been mistaken for a stroke due to the similarity in symptoms and cause.
A hemorrhagic stroke, in turn, has often been confused with an acute stroke because both involve the blockage of blood vessels near the head. A hemorrhagic stroke usually results from a hemorrhagic aneurysm (a blood clot or swelling of the arteries) and is classified as such because it disrupts blood flow. However, the clot that forms in a hemorrhagic stroke can also result from any other problem that interferes with blood flow. It can also be caused by a blood clot, but if it is a vascular-stem disorder, then this is also classed as a hemorrhagic stroke.
A hemorrhagic stroke is typically characterized by sudden bleeding (hemorrhaging) (arterial blood loss) that interferes with the functioning of the brain. Hemorrhagic strokes accounts for more than twenty percent of all strokes worldwide, and are classified according to the cause and location of the hemorrhaging:
Intramural Hemorrhage (IH): This hemorrhage is often caused by a blood clot that forms in the intervertebral discs, or the discs found between the vertebrae in the back of the neck.
If the clot breaks loose and travels down the back of your neck and into the jugular vein or the carotid artery, it can cause IH. A hemorrhagic IH may be associated with IH, so it may be difficult to diagnose. Intramural IH accounts for nearly one quarter of all hemorrhages, and is the most common cause of hemorrhagic strokes.
Perivascular Hemorrhagia (PH): This is a hemorrhage that results from an arteriovenous malformations. It occurs when a blood clot breaks away from a vessel or arterial wall and travels into another part of your body, such as the bone or brain.
Intraparenchymal Hemorrhagia (IPH): This is a hemorrhage that originates in the interspinal space, the space between the ribs. It is caused when the clot breaks off and travels down the back of the neck and into the jugular vein, causing IH.
Intraparenchymal IPH accounts for only one percent of hemorrhages. and is the second most common cause of hemorrhaging.
Thrombotic Hemorrhagia: This is caused by a blood clot that forms in a vein and travels to the lungs. This is the third most common cause of hemorrhage and accounts for ten percent of all hemorrhages.
While most hemorrhages are preventable, some hemorrhages are not easily prevented. Thrombosis, for example, is caused when a blood clot travels into the veins in the legs and lungs and can’t be flushed out by a process called hemoperfusion, or the removal of blood from the vein and the lungs, or the accumulation of blood in the arteries.
Thrombosed Hemorrhage: This occurs when a blood clot has traveled through the blood vessels and can’t be drained, forming a large clot that forms in one blood vessel and prevents the draining of blood from other blood vessels and causes a severe stroke. It accounts for five percent of all hemorrhages and is the second most common cause of death due to a hemorrhage.
The causes of IH can be several and can occur from a variety of causes.
There are many causes of clotting, such as high blood pressure or a low blood volume in the blood, and these can result in a clot forming in one area of the body. or a small group of blood vessels. If you suffer from one of the various causes of hemorrhage, it is important to see a doctor as soon as possible.
If you have a high blood pressure and the symptoms mentioned above or have had a previous hemorrhage, the doctor may recommend medications that can help lower the pressure in your blood and reduce your risk of developing IH. If you have had a history of IH and do not have high blood pressure, there are things you can do to lower your risk of getting a clot.
Aspirin and Cefadroxil, or Zovirax and Effaclar are two medications often prescribed for IH. These medications can decrease your risk by inhibiting the formation of blood clots and can also help reduce swelling.