A Whipple surgery, also called a Whipple procedure, is an important surgical procedure in which the surgeon removes cancerous cells from the liver, pancreas, duodenum, and sometimes the duodenum. It's also used for the diagnosis and treatment of duodenal or pancreatic trauma, or acute pancreatitis. It's also used to remove a gallbladder tumor.
As you move along the abdominal wall, the surgeon makes small incisions to reach the duodenum and gallbladder. The pancreas is then accessed through another small incision. Small incisions are made in the liver so that the gallbladder and the entire liver can be removed.
Whipple surgery is usually a one-time operation. If multiple areas need to be removed, two or more operations may be required. The surgeon will decide which areas need to be operated based on the results of the initial surgery. This will include examining the liver and pancreas with a scanner.
During surgery, an anesthetic is injected into the patient's abdomen so that he or she does not feel pain. After the operation, the patient can be left overnight in the operating room under supervision. After being discharged, he or she can go home with his or her family and friends. In some cases, the patient may require rehabilitation in a hospital and possibly a rehabilitation center.
The recovery time for Whipple is usually very short and usually does not require any overnight stay. The patient will be able to return home one to three days after the surgery.
Complications can occur after Whipple surgery, and there have been several cases where a person has died due to complications from the procedure. These complications include infection and bleeding. When a blood clot forms, it can block a blood vessel, causing internal bleeding. In addition, the kidney or other organ can be damaged if an artery or vein is blocked.
Pancreatitis is another fairly common complication, but it is usually easy to control with pancreatic enzyme supplements. The reason for the development of pancreatitis is that the pancreas does not properly remove glucose from the bloodstream. When this happens, pancreatitis develops.
Another complication to expect from pancreatic enzymes is the development of bile duct problems. If pancreatic enzymes aren't being used, then bile cannot flow from the liver into the intestines and so bile will build up in the intestines. Gallstones may also form if gallbladder cells do not pass into the body in the bile. If the gallbladder becomes blocked, it can cause stones to form in the abdomen.
There are also some more severe complications from Whipple surgery, including infections and even the need for liver transplants. The most common type of complication that occurs from Whipple surgery is from a kidney infection. Many people who have had Whipple surgery have developed kidney infections, and these can lead to renal failure and death.
A person who has undergone Whipple surgery may also develop urinary tract infections, and if this infection is left untreated, the urinary tract can become infected and become very painful
Complications from Whipple surgery also include scarring. Although a doctor may use a laser to repair the wound, some scars may still occur as a result of the surgical procedure. Some scarring may be permanent, but some can be removed after a few treatments.
Another complication from Whipple surgery is kidney failure. The body takes longer to process the sugar from the blood after the surgery, and this can cause the body to lose a lot of its ability to process sugars.
When considering whether or not to undergo Whipple surgery, make sure that you thoroughly research each potential procedure. If the doctor you are considering recommends one, read the entire article and make sure the procedure is covered by insurance. Don't hesitate to ask any questions you may have before agreeing to have the procedure done.