Statins, or HMG-Coasal regulators, are an important class of cholesterol-lowering medications that lower incidence and mortality from cardiovascular disease in people who are at increased risk of heart attacks. They are the most popular cholesterol-lowering medications available. The majority of statins have proven to be effective for reducing low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. They have also shown to be effective for decreasing high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels.
However, while they are widely used to treat this condition, it is still important for the patients to know more about statins.
With so many different types of stations to choose from, knowing which one to choose can sometimes be difficult
Cholesterol, or cholesterol products, are found naturally in your body. There are two types of cholesterol, HDL and LDL. HDL cholesterol is better for you because it does not contribute to the formation of plaque, a buildup of clumps of fatty deposits in the arteries. LDL, on the other hand, is associated with atherosclerosis, a condition where the arteries become narrowed and hardens into clots. Statins work to lower LDL cholesterol, and high doses have been shown to be particularly effective in lowering the LDL cholesterol level.
Statins can lower the cholesterol content in many ways. Some cholesterol drugs, called "atherogenic" in nature, reduce the cholesterol levels by altering how your body metabolizes cholesterol. The most common ones that have this effect are known as anticholesterols. Commonly, doctors prescribe these drugs to treat high cholesterol, although they have other uses, such as the treatment of high blood pressure.
Other cholesterol drugs can directly lower the cholesterol content by increasing the amount of bile acids produced by the liver. Bile acids are also converted to bile salts, which are used as a lubricant to move the cholesterol through the digestive system. The more bile acid there is in the system, the smoother the passage of cholesterol.
Statin drugs that are not anticholesterols are known as non-atherogenic. These types of drugs can help with cholesterol by simply modifying how your body works, by changing the way the liver and intestine metabolize cholesterol. or by altering how it moves through the body. They may also help by lowering the LDL cholesterol content or by increasing HDL cholesterol.
Statins carry some of their side effects with them. They are known to cause some of the same side effects that have been associated with other cholesterol drugs. Most often, they cause an increase in blood pressure and heart rate, though they may also cause a decrease in triglyceride levels. High LDL cholesterol levels have been linked to strokes and heart failure.
To avoid these side effects, people who are planning to start taking statin medications should talk to their doctor first. Discuss the potential risks and benefits of their decision with their doctor. They should also discuss the possible side effects and benefits with their families and other health care providers, so that no one person is put at risk by taking the medication.
Some side effects of statins are known and documented, while others are still being investigated. Some common side effects include weight gain, diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain, constipation, insomnia, muscle aches, increased thirst, skin rash, and stomach upset. It's also important to note that there are a number of interactions that may occur between statins and other drugs, such as aspirin, antibiotics, or other medications.
The side effect of this kind of medication is often that it can make people have a decreased appetite. Many statin drugs do this because they interfere with the enzyme that converts cholesterol into bile acid. Because of this, they may slow down the production of bile acid and lead to a reduced amount of energy.
Cholesterol is produced in the liver and in some cases, it's also produced in the kidney. One side effect of Statins is that the kidneys become unable to remove cholesterol from the body as it should. This is not always the case, but many statin drugs do cause the kidneys to produce less bile acid. This means that the amount of bile acid produced will be decreased.
There have also been some cases of allergic reactions to statins. Some patients experience mild nausea, vomiting, and hives after taking the drugs, while others suffer more serious reactions.